EU Civil Protection
Civil Protection in our Countries
Safety in your School: your drill system
Table of contents
Implementation of Civil Protection and Defense Policy Guidelines in School Units
In the beginning of each new school year, the directors of Schools and Secondary Education Departments are required to take the necessary actions concerning the implementation of measures in the framework of the Civil Protection and Civil Defense Directives.
In particular, the expected actions are
1. Drawing up or updating the existing School Emergency Plan,
2. Informing and training staff and students on self-protection,
3. Performing 3 drills during each school year.
Internal School Unit Regulation & Memorandum for the management of fires, extreme weather, technological disasters and CBRN incidents.
1.1 Drawing an Emergency Plan. 1.2. Actions before the emergency 2. Drafting Team 3. First Aid Group 4.Fire Safety Team 5. Safety-Control Group approaching pupils at hazardous sites 6. Network-Trouble Recovery Group 7. Search Group of Persons not on the shelter 8. Team responsible for the protection of the school Archives 9. Individuals responsible for communication with the relevant bodies 10. Disabled people’s Support Team
FIRE-FIGHTING MEASURES 2.1. Organization 2.3. Precautionary measures 2.4. Suppressive measures (extinguishing fires) 2.5. Fire Safety Staff (Fire Safety Team) 2.6. Categories of Fire 2.7. Types of Portable Fire Extinguishers 2.8. Fire-fighting with fire extinguishers
FLOODS 3.1 Flood Protection Instructions.
EXTREME WEATHER CONDITIONS 4.1 Stormy winds 4.2 Storm 4.3 Hailstorm 4.4 Snowstorm / Severe cold 4.5 Frost 4.6 Heatwave 4.7. Landslide / Subsidence
TECHNOLOGICAL ACCIDENTS 5.1 Guidelines for dealing with technological accidents
Chemical, Biological, Radioactive, Nuclear events
In our school we create a group of students in our school which was trained in first aid (Bleeding, Burns, Fractures, Cardio Pulmonary Resuscitation) and protection measures and techniques during an earthquake, floods and wildfires by volunteers from PRO.T.E.K.T.A., with the aim of creating a crisis management team within the school. The said team, composed of pupils, teachers and the school principal, could be involved in planning-preparation and crisis response in school but also in contact with other institutions such as the Fire Brigade, Police Directorate, Mental Health Service, E.K.A.B. Furthermore, it shall cooperate with medical services in order to fully utilize local health institutions or health specialists -such as municipal nurses, local health center clinicians, rural doctors or private individuals such as general practitioners, neighborhood pharmacists or Red Cross volunteers- and keep a phone book with emergency phone numbers of doctors, hospitals, qualified medical staff etc. who can immediately respond and help.
EXTRACT OF THE EVACUATION PLAN
On hearing the alarm
- Students have to move in a quiet and orderly fashion to the Evacuation Area, following the leader student.
- Students temporarily out of their class (i.e. library) must move to the evacuation area with another class group.
- Students are to line up in their form class groups.
- During any evacuation, student should: act responsibly. Don’t hide or fool around, look after each other’s safety.
In case of earthquake:
- Do not panic, keep calm.
- If the earthquake catches you indoors, stay indoors. Take cover under a sturdy piece of furniture. Stay away from glass.
- If you are outside, move away from buildings.
- If you are in an elevator, get out of the elevator as quickly as possible.
In case of fire:
- Keep calm
- Do not use elevators
- Carry out instructions
SECURITY FORMATION STUDENTS OF THE FIRST YEAR
Students of our school are required to learn an Evacuation Plan since the first year. More specifically, they need to locate where the emergency exits and collection points are. Furthermore, each student should memorize the most appropriate security route, according to the location of his classroom or laboratory in the building, in order to guarantee the quickest evacuation possible. SECURITY
PROCEDURES FOR LABORATORIES
Students attending the first year also need to undertake the so-called "Formation/information" course, in order to learn the proper security procedures and the correct behavior when working in the Physic and Chemistry's Laboratories.
WORKING EXPERIENCES (OUTSIDE THE SCHOOL)
At the third year of school, when students begin some of the required working experiences, they are asked to undertake a four-hours security course, alongside an additional four-hours course (the so-called "Low Risk") in order to teach them the correct behavior to maintain in the work places.
TEACHERS AND "ATA" STAFF FORMATION
"Ata" is an acronym which stands for "Administrative, Technical and Auxiliary" Stuff. Alongside teachers, these people are required to undertake two four-hours security courses ("Medium Risk") in order to manage eventual emergency situations which may occur in the school. (According to decree 81)
"BLS" stands for "Basic Life Support". It is a first aid course with the purpose of teaching students of the first year to manage an eventual case of heartbreak. More specifically, it coaches to:
- Recognize a heartbreak by his signs and symptoms
- Call the emergency number and communicate with the operators
- Accomplish the operators'instructions while waiting for the aids to come
Students who complete the course are given a certification and become "laic operators", which means that they are able to succurr, possibly in the first ten minutes. As a matter of fact, the first ten minutes can be determinant in saving a life, since aids usually don't arrive in this timelapse and it's important to maintain the victim of a hearth attack alive while wainting for them.
OTHER SAFETY COURSES
Our school also offers the possibility to attend a Fire Security, in order to manage the security procedures during a fire, and a First Aid course.
LAB SAFETY RULES
- Conduct yourself in a responsible manner at all times in the laboratory.
- Follow all written and verbal instructions carefully. If you do not understand a direction or part of a procedure, ask your teacher before proceeding with the activity.
- Never work alone in the laboratory. No student may work in the science classroom without the presence of the teacher.
- Do not eat food, drink beverages, or chew gum in the laboratory. Do not use laboratory glassware as containers for food or beverages.
- Observe good housekeeping practices. Work areas should be kept clean and tidy at all times.
- Experiments must be personally monitored at all times. Do not wander around the room, distract other students, startle other students or interfere with the laboratory experiments of others.
Introduction The security plan of “Escola Secundária da Póvoa de Lanhoso” is an instrument used to prevent accidents or, in case they can´t be avoided, reduce its consequences. Every person who has access to the school should be informed about this procedures and everyone must follow them. It’s a constant worry of this High School to reduce the risks and dangers that may affect not only the students, teachers, employees and contributors, but also the building and nearby areas. The ESPL considers that every contributors have the duty to cooperate for the improvement of the prevention and security, namely at the organization of the intervention systems to prevent or minimalize emergency situations, that may occur on the development of its activity.
Objectives • Organize the human resources and installation materials• Define responsibilities and establish the right instructions in an emergency situation (fire or others); • Actuation and organization, if necessary of medical assistance; • Decrease the effects provoked by an accident; • Prepare and execute the proper evacuations for students, contributors or any one that might be in danger.
Every person at the school can acquire knowledge of the evacuation plant at every classroom, library, canteen, cafeteria and at every building.
Corrections and changes This document must be reedited when there are significant changes to it, or when there are more than ten revisions. Every copy and page that is outdated should be replaced and kept in folders. Later they can be destroyed.
Acronyms The ESPL has some acronyms so it would be easier for some students, teachers and employees to know what are the important things from the security plan. For example, P.S. is the acronym for “Plano de Segurança” (security plan) and B.I.A. is the acronym for “Boca-de-Incêndio Armada” (armed fire hydrant).
Identification of energy sources The company that supplies electric energy is EDP. There is an electric switch in each floor that allows its cut and a general board in the entrance that allows the electrical cut in all the buildings.
Human Resources The school population is formed by a headmaster, administrative employees/ general service employees and teachers. The school schedules are08:25am to 12pm, five days a week.
Risks Identification To identify possible risks there’s the need to: • Estimate• Evaluate its probability to happen from low to high• Evaluate the severity/ the damages from weak to important.
Outside risks There isn’t any potential dangerous activity in the school neighborhoods and the school building doesn’t share walls with another building. The following list estimates the possible outside risks: • Electric discharge• Car crashes; • Fire; • Flooding; • Earthquake; • Vandalism; • Building breakdown.
Inside risks • Fire; • Medical emergency; • Building breakdown; • Electrical problems; • Explosion; • Radiation exposure; • Biological contamination; • Thievery; • Bomb threat; • Suspect package; • Kidnapping; • Physical or verbal assault;
FiresThere are fire extinguishers located in classrooms and halls. Even though the school might adopt another fire combat technique, like fire hydrants.
Signs: To show where these objects can be found, there are signs (images or pictograms) all around the building.
• The ones with red and white background and with square forms indicate the fire signs.
• The green with white forms and square shape indicate the emergency exits.
• The signs that warn to imminent danger are triangular and yellow with the respective warning in black. • The prohibition signs, have a circular crown and a red slash through the prohibition.
• The emergency lights have an important role in the case of accident, to assure that there is enough light for the people inside the building to see and be able to follow the security measures. This lamps have an autonomy of 2 hours.
ESPL doesn’t have fire automatic detectors that inform the authorities. The emergency call is made through the security center.
Security Procedures: • Everyone should know that the building entrances must be free, so if there is any problem about it the security delegate have to be informed to fix it• The halls must be free as well; • Periodic revisions to the fire extinguishers are needed to assure its conservation state; • The communication means must be reviewed to assure the easy communication with the authorities; • The collaborators must keep the building clean; • The rules for the use and storage of dangerous materials must be followed; • Everyone who goes to school should be informed about the fire risks;
Objects that need frequent inspection
• Emergency lights• Emergency signs; • Warming objects, like heaters; • Alarms; • Extinguishing means; • Eletric boards; • Medical kits;
The tests are assured by the security delegate.
Emergency plan The emergency plan refers to distinct aspects of the internal preparation for the emergency procedure and assures that the measures needed for the preservation of life and property will be, immediately, taken. • Incident- deviation of the normal conditions, which consequences shouldn’t be significant for people, equipment or for the activity continuity. • Partial emergency- emergency on a floor or area, without extending that should be easily controlled by human resources and area materials. Normally there aren’t any victims, and, if there is, it isn't very serious. • General Emergency- it occurs when the situation is such that it becomes necessary to resort to the help of the fire department, civil protection, among others. This case leads to general evacuation.
Organization in case of emergency • Security Manager o Ensures the maintenance of the security conditions against the diverse risks; o Ensures the execution of the auto protection measures. • Safety Delegate o Evaluates different emergency situations and decides if it’s necessary to activate the Internal Emergency and Prevention Plan. o Ensures the communication with the authorities, according to the emergency type. o Ensures the information of the school’s human resources. o Prepares the information to distribute at the social communication, local authorities e other entities. o Informs the families of the ones involved in the emergency. • Evacuation coordinator o Ensures and coordinates the evacuation plan. o Confirms the presence of everyone at the meeting point. • Action coordinator o Ensures that the energy cut was done. o Coordinates the procedures of the first intervention teams. • Evacuation teams o Coordinate the evacuation of everyone to the exterior. o Make sure that everyone left. o Head to the meeting point and do not allow the returning to the accident. • First intervention o Carry out the first aid. o In case of a fire, lock doors and windows and wait for the fire department. o Use the fire extinguishers and fire hydrants. • Gas and energy cut o General cut of the gas and electricity.
Evacuation Program The students and collaborators shall• Stay calm. • Interrupt their task. • Evacuate the room they’re are in. • Go to the meeting point. The regress to normally will only be dictated by the security delegate.
Action Plan Anyone who realizes of an accident shall worn the closest security delegate and/or the intervention teams. The security delegate, after confirms its level of danger, shall activate the alarm and communicate with the action coordinator.
EXTRACT OF THE EVACUATION PLAN ALARM AND EVACUATION PLAN Each school must develop its own alarm and evacuation plan. This includes the organizational measures to be taken in case of danger. During the first week of the school year, all students will be trained on the behavior they should have in the event of an emergency. During the school year, during the special classes, based on the curriculum, students will be given the general knowledge in the field of fire protection. Every classroom will show the instructions that students and teachers need to know and follow in case of evacuasion. The unique Emergency Number 112 must be displayed in visible places within the school building. Escape routes must be marked with exit information signs so that they are easily recognizable, both day and night, by all persons in the school that uses them in emergency situations IN CASE OF DANGER The school headmaster, school teachers or administrative staff can trigger the alarm and announce the intervention force in accordance with the gradual principle. Evacuation of the building takes precedence over extinguishing the fire. EVACUATION OF THE BUILDING On the ground floor, in the most visible place (near the entrance), will be placed the school's general plan and floor plans, on which the escape and rescue routes will be drawn, alarm equipment, extinguishers and hydrants, as well as other protective technical installations (exhaust systems, ventilation systems, etc). Students leave the building under the supervision of the teacher. Exhaust and emergency escape routes shall be used without danger. No other items (school bags, clothing, etc.) will be taken. Upon leaving the class, the teacher will ensure that all students are out of the room. Students will be led to the pre-set meeting place for each class. The teacher makes the presence and announces the result of the school principal. If an earthquake occurs, keep calm! Move away from windows, outside walls or objects that can hurt! Protect yourself under desks. The teacher will open the classroom door and protect near a wall of resistance. The evacuation is carried out after the earthquake and the verification of the escape routes. Buildings should be abandoned calm, without taking unnecessary things and the way out should be checked carefully to avoid exposure to hazards. If, after an earthquake are injured, they must be released from where they remained trapped and given first aid. LAB SAFETY RULES The work table must be perfect for both the lab and the end of the work!
Read carefully the way in the experiment file and follow step by step the instructions there. If you do not understand something, ask for clarification from the teacher; Any unauthorized experience is forbidden! Do not change your place at the table at will; remember that any play among reagents and laboratory equipment can cause serious injuries to both you and your colleagues In case of fire, take the necessary measures quickly: avoid panic and it is imperative to have the fire extinguishers (fire extinguisher, water, sandboxes, possibly a cloth to isolate the burning substance from the air).
National Civil Protection The certificate of birth and operation of civil protection, under the international humanitarian law, is the First Geneva Protocol of 8 June 1977, an additional instrument to the 1949 Conventions. With the Decree No 224 of 11 May 1990, Romania ratified the additional First and Second Protocols of the Geneva Convention of 12th August 1949, which provided the framework for the improvement of the civil protection activity. On the 8th of November 2004, the Parliament of Romania passed the Law on civil protection, harmonising thus the legal provision in the field with the newly passed legislation on the development of the National System for Emergency Management. Since the 15th of December 2004, the civil protection missions are carried out by the components of the National System for Emergency Management. The structure of the National Systems is as follows: committees for emergency situations; General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations; Community public services for emergency situations; operational centres and operative centres for emergency situations; the commander of the operation. The committees for emergency situations are: the National Committee for Emergency Situations; the committees for emergency situations of the ministries and other central public bodies; the committee for emergency situations of the Municipality of Bucharest; the county committee for emergency situations; the local committee for emergency situations. The emergency situations committees are inter-body organisms to support the management of emergencies. Coordination, control, and expert technical assistance in civil protection is secured at the central level, by the Ministry of Administration and the Interior Affairs, via the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, and locally, by the County Inspectorates and the Inspectorate of the Municipality of Bucharest for Emergency Situations. The General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations is the regulating authority in the matter. Government control in this field is performed via regulations, approvals, authorisations, certifications, and checking, by the Preventive Inspection, within the General Inspectorate for Emergency Situations, by the Preventive inspections within the county inspectorates and the Inspectorate of the Municipality of Bucharest, respectively, in order to adopt a uniform application of the legal provisions throughout Romania. Civil Protection Department Civil protection is a component of the national security system and represents an integrated ensemble of specific activities, measures and tasks pertaining to organisation, logistics, operations, having a humanitarian and informative character with respect to the public; planned, organised, and carried out to prevent and limit the hazard of the occurrence of disasters, protecting the public, goods, and the environment from the negative impact and effects thereof, protecting from armed conflicts and operatively removing the effects thereof, and securing the conditions necessary to the survival of the victims. The main duties of the civil protection are as follows: a) to identify and manage the types of hazards likely to generate natural and technological disasters on the Romanian territoryb) to collect, process, store, examine, and analyse data and information pertaining to civil protection; c) to inform the public and to enhance preparedness thereof with respect to the hazards they are exposed, self-protective measures to be taken, protective means and equipment provided, obligations to be undertaken, and behaviour during such emergency; d) to organise and secure operations and optimal intervention capacity to provide services for civil protection and emergency and of the other specialised entities with responsibilities in the area; e) to inform public authorities and alert the public in civil protection situations; f) to protect the material goods of the public, goods listed under heritage, archive values, as well as the environment from the effects of disasters or armed conflicts; g) to ensure surviving conditions for the public under civil protection contingency circumstances; h) to organise and perform operative interventions in order to reduce loss of lives, to limit and remove the effects of natural calamities and of other civil protection and emergency situations; i) during military conflicts, to clear and neutralise the territory from the unexploded ammunition; j) to participate in specific international missions; k) to secure specific financial, logistic, and material reserves.
1. Our schools and institutions to plan measures taking into account the personnel availability, They will install the services specified in the plan. If the availability of personnel is not sufficient to establish the services specified in the plan, they will set up an Emergency Rescue Service to take charge of all services. 2. Attached and plans are exemplary and will be prepared. The plans will be adapted to the format considering the structure characteristics of the school/institution. (The civil defense unit of the Provincial Directorate of National Education will benefit from the hesitations regarding the Civil Defense Plan). 3. The original copies of the plans will not be used in photocopies to be sent for approval. 4. Civil Defense Plan I.Guidance, rebellion, compassion information in the section, It will be provided from the Provincial Directorate of disaster and emergency or the Provincial Directorate of National Education. 5. In civil defense plans, students over the age of 15 will be placed as team personnel in services other than the Control Center and Headquarters Service. 6. Plans will not be manually corrected to be written in a computer environment. 7. IV. The protocol on mutual assistance and Cooperation signed, sealed by the parties must be put in place at the end of the chapter or in the annex to the Plan.
8. The plan annex should include fire instruction, shelter instruction, floor and environmental sketches. 9. The environment and building floor sketches should be clearly drawn and the shelter/shelter, fire materials and gathering places should be indicated on the sketch. 10. Personnel assigned to a service will not be assigned to another service. 11. The plan will be given a page number, each page will be individually Parafed on the last page of how many pages will be written in the school/institution will be signed by the principal. 12. Because the plans carry a degree of secret confidentiality, the plans will be rigorously protected and kept, and the top and bottom middle parts of the pages will be printed with a secret cachet. 13. The plan must have the signatures of the president and the members. 14. With the number of staff less than 30 institutions can reduce the number of staff in the services. 15. Sketch Of The Situation Of The Establishment https//maps.google.com it can be prepared from a satellite image to be removed from the website or by hand in drawings.
CIVIL DEFENSE MEASURES Provincial national education directorates / regional directorates and affiliated organizations in case of a sudden enemy attack; against danger in advance and some important measures should be taken. Institution and equipment and materials necessary for the protection of life and property of schools. How to act in the event of a catastrophe that provides during the peace period It is very important to know. Civil Defense services, both by the Ministry as well as the measures to be taken by institutions and schools. Current situation and developments about television and radio required Since information will be given, publications should be monitored; civil authorities' publications / announcements on civil defense It should be applied. 1- If there is no shelter in the institution and school, The appropriate space in the section should be reserved as a shelter, this place should be prepared in coordination with the Ministry and Provincial Disaster and Emergency Directorate. Food, beverage, which should be kept in shelters, fuel, lighting, first aid and rescue equipment should also be available. 2- Around the institutions and schools, wood, coal, gas, gasoline, paper, hay, clippings, old goods, etc. flammable substances such as; remove them from the buildings, should be stored in a safe place where there is no danger of fire. 3- In case of mobilization or war, the lights should be extinguished and dimming, taking into account the lights from outside and especially from the air, black curtain, dark color, cardboard, cardboard, carpet, blanket should be kept at hand to cover the windows. 4- The beginning of the institutions and schools during the war fires, simple rescue and first aid works, such as duties and services to make the division of labor and the necessary personnel (firefighter, first aid, rescuer) should be selected and ready. Measures taken and to be taken in relation to civil defense services should be included in the plans to be implemented. Plans; documents that guide management in carrying out a range of actions starting from the current situation of the institution / school to measures. In institutions and schools- Civil Defense Plan, - Measure Plan, There are 2 types of plans. Which of these plans will be made? some criteria of the institution / school are decisive. CIVIL DEFENSE ORGANIZATIONS Pursuant to Articles 56 and 57 of the Regulation on the Organization and Measures on Civil Defense No. 6/3150; average annual staff availability more than 200 Civil Defense Services are established in the institutions and schools which are written below. 1. Control Center and Headquarters Service, 2. Safety and Guidance Service, 3. Fire Service, 4. Rescue Service, 5. First Aid Service, 6. Social Assistance Service, 7. Technical Repair Works Service, In each service, a service supervisor is assigned an assistant if necessary. The service supervisors are responsible to the civil defense supervisor for organizing and carrying out the duties and services related to their services in peace and at once. Staff and forces of services in institutions and schools, institutions and The third section of the civil defense plan is based on the width of the schools, facilities, building styles and occupational subjects. The personnel required for the services, the personnel who are not in charge of other services related to national defense in the institutions and schools, and the students between the ages of 16 and over, according to the age, specialization and health status as specified in the statutes. They selected. In institutions and schools with an average annual staff size of less than 200 services to be established; 1. Fire Department 2. Recovery 3. First Aid services are installed.
CIVIL DEFENSE MEASURES Provincial directorates of National Education/regional directorates and their affiliates in case of a sudden enemy attack; in advance against danger be prepared and some important measures should be taken. Institution and the equipment and equipment required for the protection of Schools, life and property how to act in the event of a disaster it's very important that he knows. Civil Defence Services, both by Ministry it also takes place with measures to be taken by institutions and schools. Required from television and radio about current situation and developments since the information will be given, publications should be monitored, institutions and schools, civil defense of civil Chiefs, publications / announcements are complete it should be applied. 1-if the institution and the school do not have a place of refuge, the interior of the institution/school the appropriate place in the department should be reserved as a place of refuge, this place should be prepared by coordinating with the Ministry and the Provincial Disaster and Emergency Directorate. Food and drink to be kept in shelters, fuel, lighting, First Aid and rescue supplies should also be available. 2-institutions and schools around wood, coal, gas, gasoline, paper, dry grass, cropped, old goods v.b. if there are flammable substances such as; remove them from buildings, it should be kept in safe places where there will be no fire danger. 3 - considering that the lights will be extinguished and dimming in case of mobilization or war, the lights will be turned off from outside and especially from the air, to ensure that it does not appear, materials such as black screen, dark color, cardboard, cardboard, carpet, blanket should be kept under hand. 4-start of the war in institutions and schools fire extinguishers, simple rescue and First Aid works to be done for the task and services such as the Department of Labor and the building protection supervisor and the necessary personnel (firefighter, first assistant, rescuer) should be selected and be kept ready. Measures taken and to be taken in relation to civil defence services should be included in the plans to be implemented. The plans are documents that guide the management in carrying out a series of actions, from the current situation of the institution/school to the measures. Institutions and schools; - Civil Defense Plan, - Plan Of Measures, there are 2 types of plans. Which of these plans is to be made some criteria of the institution/school are determining. CIVIL DEFENSE AGENCIES No. 6/3150 constitutes and measures relating to Civil Defence statute 56 and 57. In accordance with its articles; average annual staff availability is more than 200 Civil Defense Services written below are established in institutions and schools. 1. Control Center and Headquarters Service, 2. Safety and Guidance Service, 3. Fire Service, 4. Rescue Service, 5. First Aid Service, 6. Outreach Service, 7. Technical Repair Works Service, In each service, a service supervisor is assigned an assistant when necessary. Service supervisors are responsible to the Civil Defense supervisor for organizing and conducting duties and services related to their services in peace and on the go. The position of the forces and services in institutions and schools, institutions and the third part of the civil defense plan is based on the width of the schools, their facilities, their style of construction, and their occupation. Personnel required for services, institutions and schools, personnel not employed with other services related to national defense, and students aged 16 and older, according to age, specialization and health status as specified in the charter they are elected. Average annual staff availability in institutions and schools with less than 200 services to be established; 1. Fire 2. Save 3. First Aid services are established.